How Are Bow and Arrows Made?

How are Bow and Arrows Made

Like most sports, archery involves equipment and accessories. After all, you cannot be an archer without a bow and arrow.

To become an excellent archer, it is essential to learn about the equipment, including how bows and arrows are produced. By knowing how are bow and arrows made, you will be able to communicate with your customers more effectively.

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Brief History of Bows and Arrows

Archeologically speaking, experts believe that hunters from as early as 50,000 years ago used primitive bows and arrows. Indigenous people used these for hunting and warfare, as well as for recreational use in sports, especially in Egypt, China, and India.

Brief History of Bows and Arrows

Bows from this era are made from any springy material, such as bamboo and wood while the bowstrings were made from animal gut. Native American and Asian bow makers made a trailblazing innovation when they glued animal tendons to the back of the bow which added reinforcement.

The composite bow was invented 4,500 years ago by reinforcing the bow’s back with up to three layers of shredded tendon mixed with glue and strengthening the face of the bow with a layer of animal horn glued on the exteriors.

Primitive arrows are typically made with wood shafts with arrowheads shaped from hardwood, bone, horn, flint, bronze, and steel. India made the first experimentations in using an all-metal arrow during the third century B.C. which is made for warfare and hunting.


The most simple type of bow is a longbow. It is formed by bending a straight shaft and is mounted with bowstrings on both ends.

arrow design

Recurve bows give more power and offer better stability by permanently curving the bow’s back concave from end to end.

arrow design 2

A recurve bow consists of three key parts: two flexible limbs rigidly attached on the opposite ends of a rigid riser. It is generally 50 to 70 in long with a riser measured at 20 in long, which provides a comfortable handgrip and a ledge on which the arrow rests.

Compound bows can provide more power than the bows mentioned earlier. It is a mechanically assisted bow that attaches the bowstring to a system of pulleys rather than at the ends of the bow. These pulleys multiply the force, thus arrows can be shot further.

arrow design 3

Raw Materials


The disadvantage of making a bow from a single piece of wood is it can warp easily from moisture and become brittle in cold weather. It can also permanently disfigure the curved shape attained when the bow is strung. When this happens, the bow’s springiness is decreased and it loses its power.

To solve this problem, bow makers used fiberglass which is more flexible and more sturdy in cold weather and moist environment. However, it also has its disadvantage: it reduced the bow’s performance characteristics.

By combining composite materials to form the bow, gluing together layers of various woods, fiberglass, or carbon fiber, the best results can be obtained. Woods that are typically used for bows are red elm, maple, cedar, bamboo, and exotic woods such as Bubinga.

Primitive bow strings are typically made from sinew, twisted rawhide, gut, hemp, flax, or silk. Modern-day bowstrings for wooden longbows are often made with linen thread. On the other hand, compound bows use steel wires as its bowstring.

Recurve bows typically have a Dacron bowstring, a polyester fiber that is well known for its durability, consistency, and quality. Nylon thread is wrapped around the Dacron bowstring to reinforce it at the ends and in the middle where the arrow and the archer’s fingers contact the string during shooting.  


Arrows are traditionally made from solid shafts of wood such as elm, oak, willow, cedar, and spruce. Nowadays, modern arrows are made from aluminum, fiberglass, graphite, or carbon fiber.

In most cases, feathers are made from turkey wings and are mounted on the shaft on one end that causes the arrow to spin during flight, steadying its path. Because of better sturdiness and moisture resistance, blades made of plastic or molded rubber have become more popular than natural feathers.

A nock is attached to the back end of the arrow together with the fletchers. Arrowheads, which were primitively made with flint, bone, horn, bronze, or hardwood, but now, they are commonly made of steel and aluminum.

The Manufacturing Process

With great material, comes greater products. Here in ArcheryBay, we only outsource the best materials that when put together, can produce premium quality archery equipments. Each product is individually inspected and tested to provide our clients with durable, reliable, and top-performing bows and arrow.

The Bow

The following is the step-by-step process of the construction of a recurve bow with permanently attached limbs:

  1. The main material is cut into rectangular wooden planks for the layers of the limbs. These wood layers are treated with dye to achieve the desired color. Glue is applied, and the layers are stacked in the proper placement.
  2. The stacked layers of the limb section are mounted in a mold that will determine the curvature. While attached to the form, the limb is cured in an oven at 180° F for six hours.
  3. The riser is made of a solid block of either aluminum or a block of laminated layers of various woods. The block is cut basing from a basic outline of the final shape and then pins are inserted near the riser’s ends to allow attachment of the limbs.
  4. Holes are drilled in the limbs to meet the position of the pins in the riser. The limbs are attached to the riser temporarily to the riser. After the joints are sanded, the limbs are detached from the riser.
  5. With the help of a template, a bow maker marks the limbs to be cut. The bow maker uses a power saw and sander to taper and shape the ends of the limbs from their originally rectangular shape. The ends of the limbs are carved to make grooves where the bowstring can be mounted.
  6. The bow maker begins to shape the riser by cutting out sections to form a shelf where the arrow can rest and can provide a sighting window. Using a power saw, a sander, and a wood file, a contour is carved in the riser into a shape that will be comfortable to grip.
  7. The limbs are attached to the riser and assembled into place by gluing it together. The entire bow is polished by hand and then finished with a protective coating of clear epoxy

The Bowstring

This is how we make our own quality bowstrings:

  1. Each bow model has its own bowstring quality needed. First off, the number of strands of thread needed is determined. The bundle of strands is divided into three sets, and each set is coated with beeswax and resin.
  2. Once enough cord has been formed, a loop is formed by bringing the cord’s end around and slicing or weaving it into the new section that is being corded.
  3. When the bowstring’s desired length is achieved, the string is pre-stretched by hanging it from the initial loop while attaching a weight to the free end. The length is reevaluated, and cording continues until the desired length is obtained Forming another loop finishes off the string.
  4. “Serving” is applied by wrapping nylon thread around a 10 inch section in the center of the bowstring and a 5 inch section near each end loop. A nocking point is attached at the point where arrows will be mounted against the string.

The Arrow

The following steps will show how wooden arrows are made:

  1. The arrow’s production starts with the shaft. Long and hollow aluminum tubes are cold stretched by a machine to become thinner until the appropriate shaft thickness is achieved. This will be the core.
  2. Carbon is wrapped around this aluminum rod and then proceeds in industrial ovens to bake for reinforcement. The reinforced rods will proceed in a machine that grinds and polishes them until smooth and even.
  3. Processed shafts will go through a weighing scale to determine if it weighs accordingly. The strength and durability is also tested by applying physical force to the shaft. If a shaft is not correctly weighed and can bend easily, they are rejected to proceed to the next phase.
  4. Shafts who passed the clinical tests are grouped together for painting and branding. They are painted manually and individually checked for imperfections and misalignments. Next, they will go inside an industrial oven to bake dry so they don;t rub off easily.
  5. The shaft is fletched by gluing trimmed feathers or plastic vanes to the shaft. Usually, three feathers are applied, with one feather facing directly away from the bow when the arrow is mounted for shooting.
  6. An arrowhead is mounted on the shaft. The arrowhead’s shape is determined by the purpose for which the arrow will be used, either for target shooting or hunting specific types of animals.


From the humble beginnings of a primitive wooden bow and arrow to the modern-made complex compound bows, archery has been through a lot of technological advancements that show this sport’s enduring and perpetual impact on humanity.

By providing our clients with premium quality archery equipment and world-class customer service, we guarantee that your transaction with ArcheryBay is a hassle-free experience.

10 Reasons Why Learn Archery

Why Learn Archery

When it comes to choosing which new hobby to try, archery is usually not the very first thing that will come up on the list. But, while most people find archery an intimidating hobby to start, more and more people are enjoying archery as a hobby. 

In a 2015 survey, 23.8 million American adults have participated in bowhunting and archery. This sport, with its rich history, is beloved by many people because of the benefits they get, both physically and mentally.

People ask why learn archery? We will know a lot of benefits of archery and why is it fun.

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1. It is a hobby for all.

Unlike basketball, where height is an advantage, archery is perfect for anyone! Whatever your height, age, and skill level are, you can take up archery with no issues.

In fact, you can even witness the best shooters in the world who are contending in the Paralympics.

All you need is a bow, an arrow, and determination to improve yourself.

2. It enhances hand-eye coordination.

In order to gain scores in archery, you have to shoot an arrow in the center of a target and the only way to score high is by having top-notch hand-eye coordination.

This can be improved by consistent practice of holding the bow and arrow in your hands while aiming the arrow to the target using your eyes. With repetition and practice, hand-eye coordination will improve, together with your balancing as you stand up while aiming the arrow.

3. It improves your focus.

Like most activities, being distracted can result in unprecedented events. Focus is extremely important for acres to filter out any distraction and to prioritize their form before releasing the bowstring.

For competitive archery, focusing is important to cope up with the high pressure of this competitive sport.

4. It strengthens your body.

Contrary to the popular belief that only the upper part of the body is used and strengthened in archery. However, multiple body groups function to make a proper draw, including your arms, chest, core, shoulders, legs, and feet.

When drawing a bow, the calories being burned is similar to lifting weight in the gym. Maintaining the drawn string for several seconds before releasing it creates tension within different muscle groups.

5. It keeps your brain stimulated.

As people age, visible changes are always expected, such as energy level, weakening bodily functions, and decreasing brain activities. However, these can be avoided through certain activities that will keep them stimulated, such as archery.

Since focusing is essential to excel in archery, practicing it regularly will result in a stimulated brain. The more brainpower and focus you exert when drawing the bow, the more it helps your mental health to keep in good shape.

6. It improves self-confidence.

Archery is a game where you can compete against yourself. You can improve your scores, set new records for yourself, and aim for a goal.

Likewise, it can also be held against other archers. Results can be calculated to improve a person’s form and technique and boost an individual’s self-esteem and confidence.

7. It helps in socialization.

Believe it or not, archery can be played as a team sport, too. When it comes to archery tournaments, the general rule is archers are grouped as a team and the sum of the scores of each archer will be the team’s score.

Archers can get to know each other while competing in the course together. Working together as a team and supporting one another is important for success. After all, there is no “I” in “TEAM”.

8. It is relaxing.

You may be thinking, how can a sport which uses a could-be long-range weapon be relaxing? Well, releasing an arrow and watching it hit the target can be exceedingly pleasing.

It can help you relieve stress and make you feel relaxed. The act of focusing and blocking out all distractions is a great way to enter that meditative, relaxing state of mind.

9. It is an inexpensive hobby.

Just by looking at the bow and arrow, you may be intimidated by the price you have to shell out by playing archery. Don’t worry.

Archery can be a cheap sport if you just want to do it as a hobby. Plenty of archery outlets can rent out equipment when having lessons from them. You can also check our affordable archery equipment here.

However, if you want to compete athletically, then the price may increase and will require a lot of your time to practice.

10. Finally, it is fun!

Like all hobbies and sports, the utmost goal of archery is enjoyment through recreation. When practicing archery, it is essential to remember to focus on improving yourself rather than worrying about what everyone else is doing. This way, you will enjoy yourself better and will make you love archery.


There are tons of benefits of archery and these are only, a few mentioned above. Drawing your  bow is demanding yet it gives you plenty of benefits such as your daily exercise, improving your muscles, relaxation, improving your eyesight, and becoming sociable.

5 Tips on How to Maintain Your Bow?


Without your bow and arrow, you cannot fulfill the practice of archery. The bow and arrow will always remain one of your most precious possessions and its up to you how to maintain your bow . It is your duty as an archer to keep your equipment in good condition to prolong its life.

Archery equipment that is accurate and reliable should not be taken for granted, as your ability to draw and score will depend on it. Taking the time to maintain and take care of your bow and accessories is critical.

Check out these tips on how to maintain your bow.

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1. Wax your bowstring regularly.

Of course, you cannot shoot your arrows accurately if your bow is not in tip-top condition. Having a well-tuned bow will result in a well-tuned performance.

The most important tip for maintaining the string is to wax it properly. There are three types of wax that can be used to wax the string: you can use wax sticks, polymeric wax, or you can use wax blocks.

There are wax sticks that come with the additional benefits of string conditioner. They are soft, moist waxes that are very easy to use. Meanwhile, wax blocks are thicker in shape and are usually harder and drier. Another advantage of using wax blocks is that they are more affordable than wax sticks.

Another type of wax you can use is the more natural polymeric wax, which is made up of Shea, mango oil, and kokum, all of which have excellent conditioning properties for your strings.

2. Wax your strings correctly.

Now that you have selected which wax to use, apply a proper amount onto your bow. However, keep in mind that there is a specific process of efficiently waxing strings. Here is how the waxing should be:

  1. Before applying wax to the bowstring, make sure that it is completely dust-free and dry. Clean it with a piece of cloth or a string cleaner and gently wipe the strings

    Run your fingers thru the string to warm it for an easier wax application.

  2. Rub a liberal amount of wax on the string. Use your fingers to evenly coat all sides of the string

  3. Then, use a piece of leather to distribute the wax on the string. By using leather, the wax will penetrate the inner layer more efficiently, which is called the process of burnishing. This is a helpful process to keep your strings in good condition.

3. Replace the bowstring at the right time.

The bowstring is a fundamental part of your bow and should be maintained. If you see minimal strands sticking up from the bowstring, or if you feel something fuzzy, it is time to apply some good amount of wax onto the string.

However, if you notice big strands sticking out of the string, it indicates that the string has become damaged and that it is time to replace it.

4. Invest in a quality storing case.

Keeping your bow safe from its surroundings is always an excellent idea. Remember that humidity and water are your string’s mortal enemies. To keep your bow safe, the best thing to do is store it in a good-quality bow case.

There are two types of bow case: hard case and soft case. Soft cases are the most common and more affordable. Hard cases are more costly compared to soft cases, but this type of case will give the best protection.

Regardless of what kind you choose, both will serve their purpose in protecting your bow.

5. Use proper bow accessories.

Sometimes, if you use mismatched arrows and bows, your string will probably lose its life after a few uses. So, your archery training and skills aren’t the only things that matter. You should also be able to use the right kinds of arrows, compound, and normal bows.


There you go! Those are a few of the basic things you can do to extend the life of your bow.

If you can maintain your bow properly, then its lifespan will be more than usual. Good quality archery equipment is not necessary to be expensive. If you can take good care of it, then you will be able to save a good amount of money from frequent buying.

What are the Parts of a Bow and Arrow?

What are the Parts of a Bow and Arrow

Like most sports, archery involves equipment and accessories. After all, you cannot be an archer without a bow and arrows.

In order to become an excellent archer, it is essential to learn about the equipment, including the parts that make a bow and arrow. By knowing these parts and terms, you will be able to communicate with other archers more effectively.

Here is a useful guide to help you become a better archer by getting to know the parts of a bow and arrow.

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Parts of a Bow

The power of an archer comes from the bow, and you have two classifications you can choose from: recurve and compound bow.

Nearly all beginners will start with a recurve bow, which is the easiest on which to learn, and here are its parts.

1. The Riser

It is the handle of the bow. It is the center piece that an archer holds whenever they shoot. Risers can be made of a composite or wood that has three main features: the grip, sight window and arrow rest.

  1.  Grips

    Evident from what it is called, it is the curved portion of the riser which your hand grips.

    Grips can vary for each bow when it comes to its shape and size. The more ergonomic it feels, the better you will be able to hold the bow, so it is essential to grasp and feel the grip before sticking to that bow.

  2. Sight window

    The sight window is the section above the grip where you will be looking through when aiming your bow.

    It is common for bows to have one sight window, but some bows have a sight window on both sides of the riser, which is beneficial for the left-handed.

  3. Arrow rest

    The arrow rest is the platform within the sight window where the arrow sits on. It allows the arrow to suspend in the riser and freely clear the bow when fired.

    Arrow rests can be made as part of the riser or a separate piece that can be attached.

2. Limbs

The limbs are connected to the riser and it forms the iconic shape of a bow. Each bow is composed of an upper and lower limb that are not interchangeable and must be attached to the proper end of the riser to function properly.

There are several kinds of limbs depending on the material it is made up of, such as wood, composites and metal. Most limbs are laminated with fiberglass to protect it from breakage due to extreme tension.

3. String Nock

The string nook is a groove that is located at the tip of each limb where the string is attached to the bow.

It is cut in a way to allow each end of the bowstring to loop around and attach to the bow. The nocking point needs to stay in place so that you can aim and shoot consistently.

4. String

The string is the part that gives your arrow its shooting power. It attaches to each end of the limbs by a small loop and can be made of various materials. The two major parts of a string are the center serving and the nocking point.

  1. Center serving

    The center serving is usually a type of thread wrapped around the middle point of a bowstring. This wrapping allows for increased durability in the area where the arrow is nocked.

  2. Nocking point

    The nocking point is a spot on the string that indicates where the arrow should be nocked. It’s generally made of brass or similar materials and crimped onto the string.

To keep bowstrings in good condition, silicone based wax is rubbed. Check out how to clean your bow properly in our previous article.

Parts of an Arrow

Now that you know your bow from end to end, let’s familiarize with the parts of an arrow.

1. Point

The point is the end part of an arrow that comes in contact with a target. There are three types of points: the bullet/field point, the blunt point and the broadhead.

  1. Bullet/field point

    The bullet/field points are used frequently for practicing archery at a range. They are basically a pointed tip that you can screw onto the end of arrow shafts.

  2. Blunt point

    The blunt point is a detachable point made up of blunt-shaped metal. This type of point is generally used in hunting small animals such as rabbits and squirrels.

  3. Broadhead point

    The broadhead point is what cartoons and drawing depict of an arrow:a pointed tip with wings. It is made up of extremely sharp tips and is often used to hunt large animals such as a deer.

2. Shaft

The shaft is the backbone of the arrow. It is long, cylindrical and has a point for all of the other parts to attach to. Arrow shafts can be made up of wood, aluminum or carbon.

3. Fletching

The three feathers or feather-like pieces that are attached at the sides of the arrow are called fletching. Fletching is attached at the other side of the point and must be attached in a certain way to allow for optimal arrow flight.

The differently colored fletch is known as the indicating fletch. This should point outward when the arrow is properly nocked.

4. Nock

The nock is the v-shaped groove that is attached to the end of the arrow. It is next to where the fletching is attached. The nock is typically made of plastic that can be easily removed for repairs.


By understanding the parts of your bow and arrow, you will master archery in no time.

Now that you know the basic information about your archery equipment, you’re all set to become a better archer and kill it on the range!